Halitosis in Dogs

We get a fair number of folks asking about bad breath in dogs.    Many times we have an over the counter treatment (toothbrushing, mouth rinse, chews, etc) that will help.    But sometimes it’s a more serious issue.    Here’s a piece from petmd.com……

Halitosis in Dogs

 

Halitosis is the medical term used to describe an offensive odor that comes from the mouth, producing bad breath. A number of causes may be responsible for this condition, notably periodontal disease, a disease resulting from bacteria in the mouth. Bacteria is also associated with plaque and cavities.

 

Small animal breeds and brachycephalic breeds (characterized by their short-nosed, flat-faced features; e.g., the Pug, Boston Terrier, Pekingese) are the most prone to periodontal and other mouth diseases, in large part because their teeth are close together.

 

Symptoms and Types

 

In most cases, there are no other symptoms aside from a bad odor emanating from the mouth. If the cause of the odor is a disease of the mouth, other symptoms may become apparent, including pawing at the mouth, inability to eat (anorexia), loose teeth, and excessive drooling, which may or may not have traces of blood.

Causes

 

A variety of conditions may lead to halitosis, including metabolic disorders such asdiabetes mellitus (commonly known as sugar diabetes); respiratory problems such as inflammation of the nose or nasal passages (rhinitis); inflammation of the sinuses (sinusitis); and gastrointestinal problems, such as enlargement of the esophageal tube, the main channel that leads from the throat to the stomach.

 

Other possible causes of halitosis might be traced to a trauma, like that of an electric cord injury. Viral, bacterial or fungal infections can cause foul odors to emit from within the body, and dietary problems can play a role in the emission of odor as well. For example, if your dog has been eating offensive foods, or is exhibiting a behavior called coprophagia, where it is eating feces, your dog will have correlating foul breath.

 

Further possibilities are pharyngitis, an inflammation of the throat or pharynx, andtonsillitis, an inflammation of the tonsils. The presence of cancer, or the presence of foreign bodies may also result in disease of the mouth and accompanying bad breath. But, the most notable cause of halitosis is a disease of the mouth such asperiodontal disease, which is due to plaque bacteria buildup.

 

 

Diagnosis

 

Diagnostic procedures to evaluate periodontal disease as the most likely cause of halitosis include X-rays of the inside of the mouth, and an examination of the mouth for characteristics such as tooth mobility and sulfide concentrations.

 

Once the specific cause of halitosis is known, various therapies may be used to address the problem. In some cases, multiple causes may be to blame. For example, your dog may have periodontal disease along with having a foreign object present in the mouth. Treatment for the condition is dependent upon the cause(s).

 

If periodontal disease is to blame, treatment will include cleaning and polishing the teeth, or extraction of teeth that have greater than 50 percent loss of the supporting bone and gum tissues around them. Some medications may help to reduce odor, and help to control the bacteria that infect the gums and other oral tissues, causing bad breath.

 

Living and Management

 

You will need to continue to remain observant of your dog’s symptoms. It is important to consistently provide proper professional dental care to your dog, as well as to supplement this with at home tooth care. Daily tooth brushing can help prevent the plaque buildup that leads to related halitosis. You will also need to prevent your dog from eating bad-smelling foods, such as garbage. Cleaning the yard frequently will also avoid incidences of coprophagia.

Spring Cleaning for Your Pets

 

Spring is a wonderful opportunity to spruce up your home, perhaps add some new accessories and generally get rid of all signs of what has definitely been a long, cold winter. It’s also a great time to spruce things up for your pet.

Start by walking around the house and looking at your home from your pet’s perspective. Spring is definitely an opportunity to pack away that extra-warm pet bed. Check its durability and, if it’s still in good condition, wash it before packing it away. If it’s worn and flat and no longer offering your pet padded comfort, throw it away. There are lots of great beds available with popular home décor colors and designs.

Instead of an actual bed, you may want to consider a stylish pet couch to add a nice feature to your living room.

It’s important that pets stay properly hydrated year-round, but this is particularly important as the weather gets warmer. Clean out your pet fountain including the pump. Replace the filters and run the bowl (whether it is ceramic or stainless steel) through a strong cycle in the dishwasher. Water bowls should be washed weekly and refilled daily as standing water brings algae. And remember to clean food bowls, too. Don’t just keep filling them up.

Spring is a time when pets shed their thick winter coats. So be sure to step up your grooming routine. It’s unhealthy for pets to ingest hair — especially cats as it makes them prone to hairballs. Brush your pet to help with shedding and it’s a wonderful way to spend quality time together on the couch! If you’ve avoided bathing your dog in the cold winter months, either book a grooming appointment with our groomer for a professional trim and bath or consider bathing your pet yourself in our self-wash.   We have a wonderful selection of shampoos and conditioners to ensure that your pet has a healthy skin and shiny coat.

Of course, brushing your cat and dog on a regular basis keeps shedding under control and off your beds and furniture. When you are spring cleaning your home, be sure to take the hand tools to get into crevices and get rid of any fur buildup that tends to gather in these areas.

For dogs that have been cooped up indoors during the cold weather months, spring is a great opportunity to once again spend more time outdoors in the garden. Keep your home mud-free by making sure you wipe down their paws before they come back inside. Put down a dog floor mat outside the door to take the brunt of muddy, wet paws.

And don’t forget to treat for fleas and ticks with a product you can trust, like Wondercide. Spring is all about fleas and prevention is key.

Now Carrying Weruva Dog Foods!

 Caloric Harmony for Dogs

80%

Animal-Based Protein

Caloric Melody for Dogs

70%

Animal-Based Protein

What’s in Your Calorie?

Your dog derives nutrition from 3 caloric sources: protein, fat and carbohydrates. Which should be the predominant source? With Weruva’s Caloric Harmony & Caloric Melody formulas, take control of your dog’s Caloric Harmony with foods that have protein providing the majority of calories and nutrition.

Features & Benefits 

  • Grain and Gluten Free Options
    • Chicken (Harmony & Melody)
    • Chicken, Turkey & Salmon
      (Harmony & Melody)
  • Novel Protein with Noble Grains
    • New Zealand Venison & Salmon Meal (Harmony)
    • New Zealand Lamb (Melody)
  • Low Glycemic Index & Load
  • High Animal to Plant Protein Ratio
  • Healthy Digestion
    • Pumpkin
    • Organic Certified Prebiotic Seaweed
  • No Chinese Ingredients

Quality Control 

  • BRC Approved Facility – First in Canada (arguably the strictest standard in the world)
  • Moisture, Protein and Fat Levels Monitored Every 30 Minutes During Production
  • Country of Origin Focus – No Chinese Ingredients
    • Chicken / Chicken Meal & Turkey / Turkey Meal – US and Canada
    • Salmon / Salmon Meal – US, Norway and Canada
    • Venison / Venison Meal & Lamb / Lamb Meal – New Zealand and Australia
    • Legumes – US and Canada
    • Taurine – Japan
  • Traceable and Sustainable Ingredients
  • Toxin and Peroxide Testing of Incoming Ingredients

Difference Between Harmony & Melody? 

Both Caloric Harmony & Caloric Melody have formulas where protein provides the majority of your dog’s calories. Harmony contains a higher meat content inclusion than Melody, and Melody provides comparable nutrition at a lower price point.

Best Pet Foods!

From reviews.com…..   pretty good info on pet foods

In early 2015, the law firm of Morgan and Morgan filed a class action lawsuit against Purina over ingredients found in its line of Beneful dog food. Despite this lawsuit — and the thousands of complaints of kidney failure that led to it — the products remain available to purchase at a store near you.

Of the pet owners we surveyed, 70 percent admitted that they didn’t know all of the ingredients in their dog’s food — including the very ingredients at the heart of the Purina lawsuit. All dog foods claim to be “premium” and “all natural,” but with very few regulations on what it takes to meet these qualifications, many of these claims are little more than flashy marketing gimmicks and false advertising. So, we dug behind the label to sort out which ingredients make an excellent dog food and which ones should be avoided.

At the end of the work, we settled on 134 formulas across 29 approved brands.

10 of Our Favorite Dog Food Brands

Our Research

Ten people on our team dedicated full-time work to this project, investing over 1,400 hours into this single page.

  • We built a list of over 11,000 people with connections to the dog food industry and narrowed it down to the best.
  • Over 20 experts contributed their valuable time to our work, including veterinarians, dog trainers, animal behaviorists, university researchers, and authors.
  • We surveyed 300 dog owners and asked them if they knew what was in their dog’s food.
  • We gathered a list of over 8,000 search queries to find out what matters most to dog owners.
  • We read and analyzed 72 of the most popular articles and studies on dog food.
  • We compiled a list of 2,223 formulas from 115 brands and reviewed their ingredients.

Bad ingredients make dog food unsafe and unhealthy.

The Truth About Recalls and Manufacturing Practices

Safety has always been the biggest concern for pet owners — and one of the hardest challenges for dog food manufacturers to meet. Since the 2007 recalls on Chinese-sourced food, many consumers have started reading labels to see where their food was coming from, but even ingredients sourced in the US can be unsafe.

The Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) sets and maintains standards for the proper levels of ingredients in pet food, but it’s the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) that determines the quality. FDA regulations, however, don’t guarantee that all ingredients will be safe.

Ingredients from rendering facilities, for instance, should be avoided. You’ll recognize these ingredients on the label under generic terms like “meat” and “meat meal.” In California, manufacturers have given them the appetizing name of “dry rendered tankage.” So why avoid them? It’s almost impossible to tell what’s being rendered: It can be roadkill, zoo animals, and sometimes even spoiled meat from the grocery store that’s still wrapped in plastic.

Life Stages

Your dog’s life stage should factor into his or her diet. Puppies and seniors both have specific dietary needs. Large-breed puppies can develop developmental orthopedic disease (DOD) if they eat too much calcium — the maximum amount of calcium listed in their food should beno more than 1.5 percent. Senior dogs often require less protein because they are less active. And if they suffer from arthritis, many formulas contain glucosamine and chondroitin, both of which alleviate joint pain.

Some tips for winter care of our pets!

Some tips from the Humane Society for winter care of our pets!

 

Protect Your Pet During Winter and Cold Weather

 

Don’t leave pets outdoors when the temperature drops. During walks, short-haired dogs may feel more comfortable wearing a sweater. No matter what the temperature is, windchill can threaten a pet’s life. Pets are sensitive to severe cold and are at risk for frostbite and hypothermia during extreme cold snaps. Exposed skin on noses, ears and paw pads can quickly freeze and suffer permanent damage.

 

Take precautions if your pet spends a lot of time outside

A dog or cat is happiest and healthiest when kept indoors. If for some reason your dog is outdoors much of the day, he or she must be protected by a dry, draft-free shelter that is large enough to allow the dog to sit and lie down comfortably but small enough to hold in his/her body heat. The floor should be raised a few inches off the ground and covered with cedar shavings or straw. The doorway should be covered with waterproof burlap or heavy plastic.

Give your pets plenty of food and water

Pets who spend a lot of time outdoors need more food in the winter because keeping warm depletes energy. Routinely check your pet’s water dish to make certain the water is fresh and unfrozen. Use plastic food and water bowls; when the temperature is low, your pet’s tongue can stick and freeze to metal.

Protect paws from salt

The salt and other chemicals used to melt snow and ice can irritate the pads of your pet’s feet. Wipe all paws with a damp towel before your pet licks them and irritates his/her mouth.

Wholesome Pet Essentials carries a pet safe ice melter!

Avoid antifreeze poisoning

Antifreeze is a deadly poison, but it has a sweet taste that may attract animals and children. Wipe up spills and keep antifreeze (and all household chemicals) out of reach. Coolants and antifreeze made with propylene glycol are less toxic to pets, wildlife and family.

Santa Bring(ing) you a new Pet for Christmas? We can help!

Is Santa bringing your household a new dog or cat for Christmas? Whether a new puppy, an adopted senior dog, or a rescued 4-year old cat we want to help! Stop in and ask us for a “new fur baby” packet. We will give you an envelope with a starter checklist, coupons for free services and money off purchases. Make Wholesome Pet Essentials your “one stop shop” for all your pets needs.

We offer full grooming services 7 days a week.  We also offer nutritional options from those who are picky eaters to those who are not so picky and could use some weight management.  Make it your New Year’s Resolution to feed your pet well.

New Pet Checklist & Offer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Also:

 

NEW PUPPY/Dog SPECIAL

FREE NAIL GRIND ($12 value)

Not valid with any other discount offers.

Expires  2/29/2016

 

NEW PUPPY/Dog SPECIAL

FREE SELF-SERVE PET WASH ($15 value)

Not valid with any other discount offers.

Expires  2/29/2016

 

NEW PUPPY SPECIAL

$20 for 1st bath/Face Feet & Fanny Trim

Not valid with any other discount offers.

Expires  2/29/2016

Why not just give them an ear of corn to chew on?

Feeding Beneful?

INGREDIENTS

Ground yellow corn, chicken by-product meal, corn gluten meal, whole wheat flour, animal fat preserved with mixed-tocopherols, chicken, soy flour, rice flour, propylene glycol, sugar, tricalcium phosphate, salt, phosphoric acid, potassium chloride, animal digest, mono and dicalcium phosphate, dried carrots, sorbic acid (a preservative), dried tomatoes, avocado, calcium propionate (a preservative), L-Lysine monohydrochloride, choline chloride, Vitamin E supplement, zinc sulfate, ferrous sulfate, Yellow 5, manganese sulfate, niacin, Red 40, Vitamin A supplement, Blue 2, copper sulfate, Vitamin B-12 supplement, calcium pantothenate, thiamine mononitrate, garlic oil, Yellow 6, pyridoxine hydrochloride, riboflavin supplement, Vitamin D-3 supplement, menadione sodium bisulfite complex (source of Vitamin K activity), calcium iodate, folic acid,

 

Here’s an offer you should look at.   Give them some real meat instead of corn!

 

Beneful Offer

“All Natural” Pet Foods

The following is excerpted from the “Canine Journal”:   (with some added notes from WPE in italics)

 

Dog owners want what is best for their pets and for many people that means feeding an all natural dog food. There are two varieties of all natural dog food: commercially produced and raw. Depending upon your budget and the time you have to devote to your dogs diet, one of these may better suit your needs than the other.

All Natural Dog Food is a Healthier Option

Just as humans thrive on diets without fillers and artificial ingredients, so too do dogs. All natural dog foods eliminate the additives and artificial ingredients that many manufacturers include to “improve the taste”, prolong the life of their products or simply add more inexpensive weight and bulk to the bag to justify the consumer price. On the other hand, all natural foods mimic the natural diet of wild canines and provide a more balanced approach to nutrition.

All Natural Dog Food Helps to Eliminate Allergies

For dog owners that must cope with canine allergies, all natural dog foods are a good option. Whether a dog suffers from skin or food allergies, all natural diets help to improve overall health and boost the dog’s immune system naturally. The majority of dogs that experience food allergies have trouble processing grains or specific protein sources, both of which are found commonly in mass market, non-natural dog foods.

All Natural Dog Foods Promote Better Digestion

Where many non-natural dog foods contain products that were never “designed” to be eaten by dogs, all natural foods contain only natural products that wild canines eat and process effectively. Many commercially produced dog foods contain a significant amount of fillers that can cause constipation and flatulence, as they create roadblocks to digestion.

Dogs Fed All Natural Foods Have Fewer Food Related Vet Visits

All natural dog foods are created with a balance of nutrition in mind rather than a maximization of profit. Nutritionally balanced foods result in fewer incidences of diabetes and joint concerns as well as a healthier weight because of the inclusion of daily required vitamin and mineral complexes in addition to more natural and regular digestion. Dogs who have experienced upset stomachs are often aided significantly by transitioning to an all natural dog food.

Checking Ingredients of All Natural Dog Foods

All natural dog foods will always be marked as such simply because it is a selling point for the companies that make them. Even if a dog food is labeled as “all natural”, it is still important to carefully check the ingredients of each food to look for potential allergens. High quality dog foods of all types will always list real protein sources in the top three ingredients. Real protein sources are not vague references such as “chicken meal” or “chicken by-products,” they should be listed as “chicken.” Healthy foods never include by-products or anything labeled as “meal” or “digest” because these are references to mystery meat products.

Understanding Nutritional Balance in All Natural Dog Foods

All dog foods claim to be nutritionally balanced with your dog in mind; however, not all nutritional balances are equal. It is important to research the nutritional needs of your dog based upon their special dietary needs (check with your vet) and their life stage in order to find a good food match. Some all natural foods have higher levels of protein than your dog may be used to, others may have higher carbohydrate or fat contents – these are all things to consider.

  • Protein:Pregnant dogs, lactating dogs, performance dogs, sled racing dogs and puppies all require higher levels of proteins than the average adult dog. Dogs battling illness also benefit from higher levels of protein, the exception to this is dogs with kidney disease. It should also be noted that puppies require a unique blend of nutrients that should be obtained through a specialty blend puppy formula.
  • Carbohydrates:Carbohydrates provide energy sources and fiber. While in the wild dogs diets contain less than 10% carbohydrates, commercial dog foods cannot be formed without the inclusion of carbohydrates. It is important to look for high quality carbohydrates rather than corn and wheat.    (ie., potato, tapioca, lentels, sweet potato, etc.) Since carbohydrates are not a significant part of a dog’s natural diet, there is no data concerning how much carbohydrates are beneficial.
  • Fat:Racing sled dogs and performance dogs have higher fat requirements from their foods than other dogs. Lactating or pregnant dogs and puppies also have slightly higher fat requirements than the average adult dog.

Good Protein Sources in Commercial All Natural Dog Foods

There is a wide variety of whole protein sources available for commercially produced dog foods, depending upon dogs unique needs one source may be a better choice than another. If a dog has experienced allergies to food products in the past it is generally better to go with a single source protein food.

  • Fish:Fish protein sources provide an array of natural oils and vitamins that help improve a dogs coat and joint mobility.
  • Bison: Bison is a very digestible protein source that is a good option for dogs that experience allergies to other protein sources.
  • Kangaroo: Kangaroo is an easily digested protein source and another good choice for dogs with allergies to certain protein sources. Kangaroo is an expensive protein source however making it cost prohibitive for many dog owners.
  • Beef: Beef is one of the more common protein sources for dog foods; however, it is also one that many dogs with allergies react to.
  • Chicken: Chicken is the most popular protein source but it is also the most common allergen as far as protein sources go.
  • Lamb: Lamb is a more commonly available protein source for dogs with chicken or beef allergies.
  • Venison: Venison is an easier to digest protein source recommended for dogs with allergies and it is less cost prohibitive than other options.
  • Duck: Duck is a common protein ingredient in “hypoallergenic” dog foods; it is easier to digest than chicken and is more affordable than other easily digested protein based foods.

Good Carbohydrate Sources in Commercial All Natural Dog Foods

Carbohydrates are another common source of allergies and while they are not necessary as a staple in a dog’s diet, they are necessary to create “kibble.” A dog’s tolerance to specific grain types will vary from individual to individual. All of the carbs listed below are gluten-free.

Grain Free Carbohydrates

  • Potatoes:Potatoes are commonly included in grain free foods as a carbohydrate source.
  • Sweet Potatoes:Sweet potatoes are an alternative carbohydrate source for grain free foods. This is a good carbohydrate option for dogs with sensitive stomachs.
  • Tapioca:Tapioca is an alternative carbohydrate that can be found in many grain free food options.
  • Peas:Peas are a non-grain carbohydrate and are commonly found in grain free foods.

Grain Carbohydrates

  • Barley:Barley is a substitute for corn or wheat and is considered to be a grain.
  • Oats:Oats are often used as a substitute for corn or wheat. Oats are considered a grain and will not be found in “grain free” foods.
  • Rice:Rice is a low gluten carbohydrate that is considered a grain. Dogs requiring a grain free diet will not thrive on this carbohydrate but dogs needing a low gluten diet may.

Good Fat and Oil Sources in Commercial All Natural Dog Foods

Fats and oils are a necessary part of all dogs’ diets; they help with brain development, bodily processes and skin and coat health. Just as with people, it is important to find high quality fat and oil sources that are not high in saturated fats and that provide as many fatty acids as possible. When looking at fats and oils in all natural dog foods there are a few things to look for:

  • Fats and oils should have a specific source such as: sunflower oil, flax oil, chicken fat and herring oil. Non-specific fat and oil sources should be avoided, these include: poultry fat, generic fish oil, animal fat and vegetable oil.
  • A minimum ration of 7:1 of Omega-6s to Omega-3s should be present or a fish oil supplement should be provided.
  • Mineral oil should be avoided.

What is Raw Feeding?

Raw feeding is another all natural approach to feeding your dog. Unlike commercially produced kibble, raw feeding centers on feeding dogs items that would be found in the wild. Raw feeding is also known as the BARF diet or Biologically Approved Raw Foods or Bones and Raw Foods; however, BARF is just one variety of raw feeding. The second type of raw feeding is known as the “prey model”. The principle of both of these types of diets is to feed uncooked meats, edible bones and organs.

BARF

The BARF diet is made up of 60 to 80% raw meaty bones and 20 to 40% fruits, vegetables, meat, eggs, offal (internal organs or entrails) or dairy food.  Raw meaty bones are bones that have 50% meat on them and include chicken back, wings and neck.

The Prey Model

The prey model diet is designed to replicate the natural feeding proportions that animals experience in the wild. This diet is comprised of whole prey animals such as chickens, turkeys, hens and rabbits. Around 80% of the prey model diet consists of meat, 10% bone and 10% organs (5% of this is liver.) Those who focus on this method of naturally feeding do not believe that dogs require vegetation or carbohydrates and as such they simply focus on feeding meat from a number of different “prey animals.” There are some people who feed the prey model that also supplement with vegetable matter to provide more vitamins and minerals. Additionally some feeders of the prey model add fish oil to food items to increase fatty acid intake.

The Importance of Balance in Raw Feeding

To many, raw feeding may seem as easy as throwing a few pieces of raw meat in a bowl and feeding; however, balance in raw feeding is very important. A significant portion of the balance in raw feeding comes from variation in protein sources. By switching protein sources not only do dogs receive varied nutrients from the meat but they also receive varied stomach contents which make up a portion of carbohydrate and vegetation intake. Many opponents to raw feeding believe that obtaining a balance in raw feeding is not possible and rely upon research to back up their claims.

 

At Wholesome Pet Essentials we have several options for you to consider with raw feeding.   Frozen complete, Freeze Dried complete,  Freeze dried premixes,  dehydrated foods, etc.   All will provide a complete nutritional profile for your pet!