What’s All that Stuff in the Ingredient List?  

 

Here is a description of various ingredients that you might see in many pet foods.   This is from AAFCO…..   You may be surprised!

Meat is the clean flesh derived from slaughtered mammals and is limited to that part of the striate muscle which is skeletal or that part which is found in the tongue, in the diaphragm, in the heart or in the esophagus; It shall be suitable for animal food.

Meat Meal is the rendered product from mammal tissues, exclusive of any added blood, hair, hoof, horn, hide trimmings, manure, stomach and rumen contents except in such amounts as may occur unavoidably in good processing practices.  If the product bears a name descriptive of its kind, composition or origin it must correspond thereto., ie. Chicken meal, duck meal, lamb meal, etc.

And what you find in many other brands of pet foods carried by competitors:

Poultry By-Product Meal consists of the ground, rendered clean parts of the carcasses of slaughtered poultry such as necks, feet, undeveloped eggs and intestines, exclusive of feathers except in such amounts as might occur unavoidably in good processing practices

Corn distillers’ grains – the residual grains or byproduct that contain the nutrients remaining after the starch from corn has been fermented to alcohol.

Animal Digest – material which results from chemical and/or enzymatic hydrolysis of clean and undecomposed animal tissue. The animal tissues used shall be exclusive of hair, horns, teeth, hooves and feathers, except in such trace amounts as might occur unavoidably in good factory practice and shall be suitable for animal feed.

Brewer’s Rice – the dried extracted residue of rice resulting from the manufacture of wort (liquid portion of malted grain) or beer and may contain pulverized dried spent hops in an amount not to exceed 3 percent.

Corn Gluten Meal – the dried residue from corn after the removal of the larger part of the starch and germ, and the separation of the bran by the process employed in the wet milling manufacture of corn starch or syrup, or by enzymatic treatment of the endosperm.

Dried Animal Digest – dried material resulting from chemical and/or enzymatic hydrolysis of clean and undecomposed animal tissue. The animal tissue used shall be exclusive of hair, horns, teeth, hooves and feathers, except in such trace amounts as might occur unavoidably in good factory practice and shall be suitable for animal feed.

Poultry Digest – material which results from chemical and/or enzymatic hydrolysis of clean and undecomposed poultry tissue.

Quality Ingredients provide amino acids (Proteins) as needed! READ your label!

Our last discussion related to crude protein and the difference in quality of proteins that can both produce the same result on the crude protein level.     So the quality of those protein producing ingredients in the key.   We have to have appropriate levels of various amino acids (building blocks of proteins) in order to meet the needs of your dog or cat.   An essential amino acid MUST be supplied by the diet.   A non-essential amino acid can be synthesized by the animal assuming sufficient “build material” is available in the diet.   There are 10 essential amino acids for dogs and 11 for cats (they also need taurine).       Since levels of amino acids are not typically listed (not required)  on the label we focus on the quality of the ingredients used to make sure they are provided.    So let’s move on the ingredient panel and look at those ingredients companies use to provide protein/amino acids:

Quality ingredients:  whole meats…..   duck, turkey, chicken, salmon, lamb, whitefish, bison, beef, pork….basically any decent quality meat.   The one somewhat deceiving thing is that a meat may be listed first on the label but that is based on the water it contains also….once it’s incorporated in the diet it may not contribute nearly as much as it appears.

Typically we then move on to quality meat meals….  Chicken meal, lamb meal, duck meal, salmon meal, turkey meal, bison meal, pork meal, anchovy & sardine meal, whitefish meal, etc.    Note, that the terms used here do not include by-product in the name.     These are pure meat meals.    Excellent quality protein products.

The quality foods we carry end it here.

Many competitor labels however move on to various other by-products mostly as an attempt to cheapen the diet because they cost considerably less than high quality meat meals.   Various possible ingredients on the label might include:

Poultry by-product meal (and other species by-product meals, meat meal, meat and bone meal, chicken liver flavor, animal digest, beef and bone meal, pork and bone meal, chicken by-product meal, hydrolyzed meals (code word for acid treated feathers, etc.) etc.

Beyond that then we move into grains/grain by-products that are terrible sources of amino acids for your pets.   They include such things as:

Ground whole grain corn, corn gluten meal, soybean meal* , ground whole grain wheat, brewers rice, distillers grains, whole wheat flour, soy flour, wheat middlings just to name a few.

*Soybean meal is technically from an oilseed and not a grain.   It is commonly lumped into the same category, however, as there have been reported cases of gastrointestinal distress in some dogs fed soybean meal based foods.

This does not consider white or brown rice or pearled barley used as a carbohydrate to form a kibble.     Our foods do not use these as a major protein source.

Please, remember you are feeding for amino acids which require a high quality protein source on the ingredient panel.     Grab your bag of Iams, Science Diet, Purina, Kibbles n Bits, Pedigree, Eukanuba, Ol’Roy, Nutro, 4-Health, Beneful, Bil-Jac, Hills Prescription Diet, Newmans, PMI Nutrition, Royal Canin, Sportmix, etc and bring it in to compare to one of our brand labels.  You may be shocked.    Or view ours on-line.    And then you have the Blue Buffalo story where the people manufacturing their food under a contract for them was using the lesser ingredients and just not putting them on the label……

Tailwaggin Tailgate Party Saturday, September 19

We will be hosting a tailgate party for our furry friends and their owners on Saturday, September 19th. Lots of taste testing, great deals, games, face-painting, contests and give-a-ways.

Bring the entire family!

Wear your favorite team gear so you can pose for a picture with your furry friends in our photo booth!

It’ll be a great time, you won’t want to miss it!

at 11:00am2:00pm  CDT

So What’s In a Pet Food Label?

So what’s in a pet food label?

 

The Association of American Feed Control Officials stipulate 8 items that must be included on a pet food label.    There’s a lot of fine print regarding what has to go where on the bag and some of the terminology but in essence here are the 8:

 

  1. Brand and Product Name….pretty well self-explanatory
  2. Name of species for which the food is intended
  3. Quantity Statement….net weight or net volume
  4. Guaranteed Analysis…percentage of each of the nutrients in the food
    1. Requires minimum % crude protein, crude fat, maximum crude fiber and maximum moisture
    2. Other guarantees are voluntary or required if connected to a label claim
  5. Ingredient Statement
    1. Listed in order by weight on an “as formulated basis”
    2. Ingredient that makes up the highest percentage of the total weight is listed first
      1. That includes water before cooking….thus the “as formulated basis”
    3. Ingredients must be declared by the correct AAFCO defined name
  6. Nutritional Adequacy Statement
    1. Statement that indicates the food is complete and balanced for a particular life stage
  7. Feeding Directions
    1. At a minimum must state “feed (amount of product) per (weight) of dog or cat”
    2. Should include recommended feeding frequency
  8. Name and address of manufacturer or distributor
    1. If someone else makes the product must show that by using “manufactured for” or “distributed by”

It’s common practice to list the caloric content of the food within the area showing the feeding directions.   This is commonly listed as Kcals per cup.

Personal or commercial endorsements are permitted.    So keep in mind they probably mean very little.  Veterinarian recommended, veterinarian formulated and/or developed are easy criteria to meet.

 

From a practical standpoint we mostly focus on three key elements of the above requirements.   The guaranteed analysis, the ingredient statement and the feeding directions (including the caloric content).   It’s these three areas that provide us the most guidance as to the nutritional adequacy, appropriateness and quality of the food for your furry friend.   It does take some work to correctly interpret some of this, however.     While the first ingredient on the ingredient statement may be “duck” it may not be the ingredient providing the most protein in the diet….after the water is cooked out!   But it makes for positive marketing.     We’ll have more on that in future pieces.

Addition of Pork Chomps

We are please to announce the addition of Scott Pet Products Pork Chomps and related items.   Pork chomps are baked pork skin and are highly digestible.   Therefore they do not present the potential danger of an intestinal blockage like beef rawhides.     Dogs love them and the pork skin products do an excellent job cleaning teeth!  You won’t find any slimy rawhides laying around either sticking to your furniture or your carpet.      And they are economical!

From Scott:

The World’s Most Perfect Chew

Pork Chomps are more digestible than rawhide because they are made from skin not hide. Rawhide was just an inexpensive byproduct of the cattle industry, and virtually has no flavor on its own. That is why most rawhide is basted, stuffed or sugarcoated, in order to interest pets. Pork Chomps are also better than rawhide chews for dogs because of Scott Pet’s proprietary, patented expanding process wherein 70% of the pork’s fat is removed, creating a more natural dog chew that is a cleaner product with reduced grease and odor.

Pork Chomps are naturally delicious; that’s why dogs chose them 9 to 1 over ordinary rawhide in an independent taste test.

With a wide variety of shapes, flavors and sizes to choose from, there’s a perfect chew for every dog.

Specifically about Pork Chomps

Scott Pet has been in the pet industry for over 35 years. Our guiding principal has been to provide quality products that enhance a dog’s life. We maintain very strict guidelines in both our US based plants and our overseas plant. Pork Chomps are produced in China because it is the largest pork producing country in the world.

To ease your mind even further, Pork Chomps were a part of a two year study at the University of Illinois, a leading veterinary college. The study was to determine the digestibility of pork skin versus beef rawhide, (click here to view the study), it also reiterates the overall health and safety of our product.

And if you still have even the slightest doubt about feeding your dog Pork Chomps,  dog parents here at Scott Pet want you to know that we give our dogs Pork Chomps on a very regular basis.

 

So do the owners of Wholesome Pet Essentials.    

Meet Our Newest Pet Stylist!

Meet our newest pet stylist Andrea!

I discovered my passion for pet grooming in 2010 when I started bathing dogs that had boarded at a veterinary clinic that I was working part time for. From there I moved on to PetSmart as a professional bather then I went through their Grooming Academy in 2011. l have been grooming for 4 ½ years, and have loved every minute of it. I not only specialize in the typical all over haircut, but I am also trained in breed standard patterns and creative grooming. I have also been grooming cats for a little over 2 years. I absolutely enjoy helping pets look their absolute best, and see the smiles on their parents faces. I want grooming for any pet to be as fun and relaxing as possible. I am very excited to continue my grooming journey at Wholesome Pet Essentials!

Wholesome Pet Essentials's photo.
Many of you have already met Anabelle who has been styling pets for us for several weeks already!

Tired of Big Box Grooming?

Wholesome Pet Essentials is very pleased to announce that we now have two top pet groomer/stylists with years of experience.     Anabelle Dunbar and Andrea Nosko have 9 1/2 years of combined grooming experience and will  offer first rate service on a 7 day schedule without interruption.   Both are solid professional stylists and we are very excited to have them on board to service your furry friends grooming needs and make you beam with pride.    We will have more biographical information for you in the near future.

Call today for an appointment, and let them pamper your pets under their constant watchful eye.     We will not place your pet in some back room!  

And yes, we do CATS!

Proud to be a Fromm Dealer! Still Family Owned and Operated

We are proud of all the brands we carry.   However,  I thought it worth highlighting one company in particular that we are especially proud to be associated with since they are still a family owned and managed operation.    The following Q&A is from the Fromm website which is a particularly useful website with a plethora of information!  We’ll provide more info on other suppliers as time goes by:

Who is Fromm Family Foods owned by?

Fourth generation family member Tom Nieman is the president, owner, and head chef. Fromm Family Foods was inherited by Tom Nieman in 1983 from his Grandmother Erna Fromm. The Company, as it was originally named, has been privately owned and family operated since it was started in 1904. Tom has a chemical engineering degree from the University of Wisconsin-Madison and formulates all of our dry pet food at our plant in Wisconsin. He was an understudy to the late Dr. Willard Roberts, Ph.D., who is recognized as the pioneer of dry pet food.

Where is Fromm Family pet food produced?

All of our dry pet foods and low-fat treats are made in the USA at our own USDA-inspected plants in Wisconsin. Our grain-free treats are made in Wisconsin at a USDA-inspected, partner plant, and our canned recipes are made in the USA at a USDA-inspected plant in South Dakota.

What is the reason for your different kibble shapes and sizes?

We offer many different shapes and sizes of kibble depending upon the recipe. Our goal is to determine and apply the most efficient and effective cooking method for each of our unique recipes, in order to achieve maximum quality. The shape and size of the kibble are chosen, in part, to ensure the food is cooked just right for maximum palatability, digestibility, and performance.

What is the difference between product lines?

We currently have three product lines for canines — Fromm Family ClassicsGold Nutritionals®, and Four-Star Nutritionals® — and two product lines for felines — Gold Nutritionals® and Four-Star Nutritionals®. All of our dry products for dogs and cats utilize USDA certified ingredients with added prebiotics, probiotics, vitamins, and minerals.
Our Fromm Family Classics line is primarily formulated with chicken and includes products designed for adult dogs, senior dogs, and dogs looking to lose weight.
Our Gold Nutritionals® line is formulated with multiple protein sources including duck, chicken, fish, and lamb. The recipes in this line are life-stage specific. For canines, we offer different recipes for puppies, adults, and seniors, with more specific recipes for large breed puppies and adults, small breed adults, and canines needing to lose weight. For felines, we offer specific recipes for kittens, adult cats, and mature cats.
Our Four-Star Nutritionals® line is all about variety. Each canine and feline recipe is formulated for all life stages.  This means that the canine foods are suitable for puppies, adult dogs, and senior dogs, and the feline foods are suitable for kittens and adult cats, as well as senior cats. In addition, every recipe in this line — with grain and grain-free— has been formulated with the intention of allowing the pet parent to feed a different recipe at each meal for unique variety.

With so many Fromm choices, which one is the right one for my pet?

This is probably the most often asked question, and it really has no simple answer. The reality is that finding the best food for your pet is sometimes a process of trial and adjustment. The benefit to feeding Fromm is that once your pet has transitioned to our brand, you can easily switch from recipe to recipe within the Fromm brand without digestive upset.

What does “All Life Stages” mean?

In order for a food to be classified for “all life stages”, it must pass a certain protocol used by the Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) to determine if the food has the nutrient content necessary to fully support four stages of life. These are gestation, lactation, growth, and maintenance. A food with this classification may be used for a pet in any of these life stages so long as the correct amount is fed. However, certain specific life stage foods may be more appropriate in meeting the nutritional needs of puppies, large breed dogs, small breed dogs, and those needing to control or lose weight. For these specific needs, we highly recommend using Fromm Puppy GoldLarge Breed Puppy GoldLarge Breed Adult GoldSmall Breed Adult Gold, and Weight Management Gold.

Can I rotate foods?

We created the Four-Star Nutritionals line of products specifically to provide variety and encourage rotation. Each recipe is designed to be complimentary, and after transitioning to Fromm, many customers have success rotating between Four-Star recipes and even our other lines including Fromm Gold and Fromm Classic.

Finding the right food for your pet is sometimes trial and error. One of the benefits of Fromm’s interchangeable lines is the ability to switch seamlessly to new recipes should you or your pet become unsatisfied with a particular entrée. However, all pets are different, and some pets have more sensitive stomachs which may prevent them from enjoying a particular recipe or a rotational diet. Other pets are more robust and require no transition period between recipes. It’s really up to you and your pet how much rotation you would like to incorporate into their diet.

What is the difference between kitten and cat recipes?

The main differences are the digestibility and nutrient concentration. Kittens need a food that is more nutrient dense than a typical cat food in order to meet their accelerated growth needs.

Does Fromm use any ingredients from China?

No, all of our ingredients are sourced in the USA, and all of our products are made in the USA.

Grain-free: what does this really mean?

At Fromm, grain-free means the pet food has been produced with no grains in the formula. Our grain-free varieties contain no wheat, rice, rye, barley, or triticale and thus do not present the gluten associated with these grains.

Do you offer a “chicken-free” dry dog food?

We currently offer the following canine recipes that are completely chicken-free: Four-Star Beef Frittata VegFour-Star Lamb & LentilFour-Star Pork & Peas RecipeFour-Star Shredded Beef canned dog food, and Four-Star Shredded Pork canned dog food.
In addition, the following recipes do not contain chicken as a protein source: Four-Star Duck and Sweet PotatoFour-Star Salmon A La Veg, and Four-Star Whitefish and Potato.  These products contain chicken fat and/or chicken cartilage which, in comparison to chicken protein, generally will not lead to an allergic reaction.

Can Fromm’s products be used for pets in need of a special diet caused by a medical condition?

Our foods must be formulated to meet the AAFCO Dog and Cat Nutrient Profiles. These requirements are based on data obtained from studies involving normal, healthy dogs and cats. Because of this, we cannot recommend the use of our products for a situation where a medical condition requires a special diet. However, Fromm can supply technical information to you or your veterinarian to help determine if a specific recipe will be suitable for your pet’s special condition.

I heard Fromm is good for pets with allergies– why?

The first thing to determine is whether the animal has a dietary intolerance or an allergy. An allergy involves the pet’s immune system, while a dietary intolerance is an abnormal physiological response that does not involve the immune system. We have many customers who believe that their pet has an allergy to a certain ingredient, but they are surprised to find that their pet does quite well after switching to Fromm, even if the recipe they feed their pet contains the suspected allergen. This success can largely be attributed to the quality of our food as well as our blend of ingredients which follows the “Multi-Ingredient Principle”.

Fromm is unique in that we use a variety of ingredients including diverse protein sources, fruits, vegetables, and carbohydrates. This presents two distinct advantages. First, this combination provides a better balance of what each ingredient has to offer, giving a better nutritional balance to the food. Second, by using a combination of ingredients, Fromm is able to avoid being solely dependent on any single ingredient. This may provide an advantage to an animal that has a dietary intolerance (not a true dietary allergy) to any one ingredient. The “offending” ingredient will still be present in the diet, but at a level that the animal’s system can tolerate.

A good metaphor would be a person eating spicy food. A little spice might bring out the flavor in a dish and agree with a person’s sensitive stomach; however, a meal with twice as much spice might wreak havoc on the same person’s digestive system: everything in moderation. Finding food for your pet can often be a process of trial and error before you find a Fromm recipe that works well for your animal if he or she is sensitive; however, we feed a number of pets with food intolerances, and they do wonderfully once their owner finds a formula that works for them.

 

More questions and answers can be found at :   http://frommfamily.com/about/question-and-answer/

Grain Free Diets-Should you Make the Switch

The following is from a recently posted blog entry by Holistic Select….

Grain-Free Diets – Should You Make the Switch?

07.27.2015 | 10:50 am

What is a grain-free diet and is it right for your pet? Well, that’s what we are here to talk about. With so many different brands and recipes out there for pet food, it can be overwhelming to try and find the perfect one for your pet. Our pets are just like us in the sense that no diet is perfect for everyone, so a grain-free diet isn’t necessarily the right fit for all pets. However, for some pets it can prove to be very beneficial to their overall health. Let’s break it down and find out what this grain-free diet is really all about.

What are the Benefits of a Grain-Free Diet?

It is always important to talk to your veterinarian to figure out what type of diet is recommended for your pet. If a grain-free diet is something that both you and your veterinarian agree is the right choice for your pet, it can benefit your pet in many ways.

  • Less is more. With a grain-free diet, your pet is likely to thrive on a smaller amount of food than with their previous diet. Grain-free pet food contains a lot of proteins and nutrient-dense ingredients that will leave your pet feeling energetic and satisfied and less likely to want to ‘graze’ all day long around the food bowl.
  • Improve the condition of your pet’s skin and coat. Pets that may have intolerances or allergies to grains can benefit from a grain free diet. A grain free diet can help to decrease the itching and scratching that can be associated with allergies and intolerance’s.
  • Improve digestion. For pets with sensitive stomachs, grain free diets can help support digestive health. The absence of grains and rice can help improve overall digestibility.

Is a Grain-Free Diet Right for my Pet?

There are some pets that can benefit from a grain-free diet more than others. Some of those pets include –

  • Pets with high energy levels. Grain-free diets are especially beneficial to pets and breeds that are known to have high energy levels due to the higher protein and fat levels along with additional nutrient-dense ingredients. Combined, these cater to a dog or cat that require enhanced energy sources.
  • Pets with allergies. It is common for some pets to develop an allergy to grains in their food, causing symptoms such as vomiting, bloating, stomach distress and itching and scratching. Your veterinarian can help to diagnose these allergies and a grain-free diet could be the answer to your pet’s problems.

Making the Switch

If after consulting with your veterinarian, it is decided that a grain-free diet is the right choice for your pet, be sure to transition into a new diet properly. Transitioning your pet into a new diet is a slow process. New foods should be introduced in small amounts at first and increasing those amounts over the course of a full week at least.

Now that you have the low-down on what a grain-free diet is all about, talk to your veterinarian and decide if you should make the switch. Holistic Select offers a high-quality grain-free recipes for both cats and dogs that could be the perfect fit for your pet.